The hip is a ball and socket joint that plays a crucial role in our daily activities. It allows for a wide range of motion and is essential for daily activities such as walking, getting in and out of a chair, and even putting on shoes and socks.
When your hip joint is damaged, whether due to arthritis, fracture, or some other condition, everyday activities become painful and difficult. Hip replacement surgery is one of the most successful treatments for hip pain, stiffness, and reduced mobility.
If you are experiencing hip pain and are exploring your treatment options, or have already decided to undergo hip replacement surgery, this article is for you. In this article, we provide you with all the information you need about hip replacement surgery to make an informed decision.
Understanding Hip Replacement Surgery
Hip replacement surgery is one of the safest, most effective, and successful joint replacement procedures that is performed regularly in the US.
The surgery involves removing a diseased or damaged hip joint and replacing it with an artificial implant, made of metal, plastic, ceramic, or other material.
This procedure is typically performed when the hip joint has deteriorated to the point where it causes severe pain and limits a person’s mobility and quality of life.
Reasons for Hip Replacement
Hip replacement surgery is typically recommended for individuals who suffer from hip pain that limits their daily activities, interferes with sleep, and restricts mobility.
The most common reasons for hip replacement include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, avascular necrosis (a condition in which the blood supply to the hip joint is interrupted), and injuries such as fractures. Osteoarthritis, the most common reason for hip replacement, occurs when the natural cushioning between joints, called cartilage, breaks down over time, causing bones to rub against each other, leading to pain, swelling, and stiffness.
Hip replacement is also recommended when all other treatment options such as physical therapy, medication, and lifestyle changes have failed to provide adequate pain relief.
The Hip Replacement Procedure
This surgery is now performed through a minimally invasive techniques to preserve the muscles and tendons around the hip an speed up to recovery process after surgery
There are three main surgical approaches used in minimally invasive hip replacement, each with its unique benefits and potential risks:
- Minimally Invasive Posterior Approach: This approach accesses the hip joint from the back of the hip.
- Minimally Invasive Direct Anterior Approach: In this approach, the surgeon works from the front of the hip.
- Minimally Invasive Anterolateral Approach: The anterolateral approach involves accessing the hip joint from the side.
Regardless of the surgical approach, minimally invasive hip replacement typically involves the following steps:
- A small incision is made, which is significantly smaller than the incision required in traditional hip replacement surgery.
- The damaged parts of the hip joint are removed carefully to preserve the surrounding muscles and tendons.
- The artificial joint, made of metal, ceramic, or plastic, is inserted in place of the removed joint.
- Once the joint is successfully placed, the incision is closed, marking the end of the procedure.
In addition to minimally invasive hip replacement surgery, hip replacement surgeons can also perform surgery using MAKOplasty, which is an FDA-cleared, computer-assisted, three-dimensional planning and guidance tool, in addition to using other specialized instruments and techniques.
MAKOplasty allows hip replacement surgeons to develop an individualized preoperative plan, as well as optimize the fit of the joint implant during surgery.
What Are the Risks and Benefits of Hip Replacement Surgery?
Like any surgery, hip replacement can involve risks and complications. These can include infection, blood clots, nerve damage, and dislocation of the artificial joint.
However, most patients experience significant improvements in their mobility and quality of life after hip replacement surgery. The procedure can help you return to activities you enjoy and improve your overall well-being.
Hip Replacement Surgery in Raleigh, Durham, and Apex, NC
Hip replacement surgery can be an effective solution for patients experiencing hip pain and mobility issues.
If you are considering hip replacement surgery, consult with our highly trained and compassionate hip replacement surgeon, Dr. Brett Gilbert, to determine whether you are a good candidate for minimally invasive hip replacement surgery. Our board-certified hip surgeon can provide an accurate diagnosis and effective treatment options for your specific hip problem that offer excellent outcomes.